The CW tree had a 38" DBH, got 5-10' logs out of the tree. Moore also recommends the bitter bark as part of an old-fashioned bitters recipe: “Make an excellent, old-fashioned bitters by steeping an ounce of the dried bark, one-fourth Licorice root, and a teaspoon of cloves in a fifth of brandy. This not only smells heavenly, but can also be used to relieve sore muscles, strained muscles, rheumatic pain, and bruises. I never sell Cottonwood favors moist, well-drained soil along waterways. Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. Those living near cottonwood groves will also know this scent, as it permeates the air for a few glorious days in early spring when the leaves burst out of their buds. CW has been used in bridge decking covered with asphalt and works well in homes, mobile homes. 2-3 (2004): 123-32. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Historically, cottonwood earned its place as a landscape tree because it grows rapidly, adding up to 6 feet a year. Tag: medicinal uses of cottonwood. Cultivation and uses. Reduces fever, indigestion, aids coughs from colds, expels worms and intestinal parasites, scurvy, heart troubles, back pain, excessive menses, urinary tract infections and premature birth. Also, since the trees were few and far apart, they were used as markers or meeting places. Since then I’ve included cottonwood oil or cottonwood tincture into most of my salves and creams. Ince, Ali, Levent Kart, Ramazan Demir, and M Sabri Ozyurt. They concluded that, “Among the detected genes, poplar bud extract significantly regulated genes involved in antioxidant defenses, inflammatory response and cell renewal.” They continue with, “[The] effect of this extract suggests potential antiaging properties which could be utilized in cosmetic and nutraceutical formulations.”11. It can also be difficult to turn because of the silica content and tendency to tear out. By checking this, you agree to our . Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. Practically every part of the cottonwood tree was historically used, whether it was the wood for building, the bark as fiber, or the buds as medicine. Question It is not meant to diagnose medical conditions, to treat any medical conditions or to prescribe medicine. Lee, Keum Young, Stuart E Strand, and Sharon L Doty. Sure, someone in the room may be thinking of its potent antimicrobial properties or the way it can magically relieve muscle pain. This article will still be here when you get back. The buds are covered in a sticky resin that is highly antimicrobial, which protects the tree from infection. Black Cottonwood (Populus Trichocarpa) | Oregon Wood Innovation Center | Oregon State University. There has been a reporting of a rare occurrence of contact dermatitis due to. There’s a cottonwood for nearly any region, with different hardy types in Zones 2 through 9. It's also a favorite for shade, with the large spread helping to cast cooling shade over homes and streets. Herbalists also use the buds and bark of cottonwood to treat aches and pains, skin health and other uses. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. August 30, 2005, KnowledgeBase: Primary Processing: Sawmilling. The diverse poplar family includes the quaking aspen, which boasts the widest range of any North American tree, and the Plains cottonwood, which was the only tree many early settlers met as they forged westward through America's prairies. Other Common Uses. If you are unable to harvest cottonwood buds. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. Our culture tends to worship the young and pity the old with their wrinkles. Many homeowners looking for large shade trees opt to plant cottonwood (Populus deltoides), which can live 100 years and grow more than 65 feet tall. The bark was used for food for their horses as well as in medicinal tea. It’s easy to find wind-fallen branches loaded with buds. Turner, Nancy J., and Richard J. Hebda. "Antibacterial Activity of Turkish Propolis and Its Qualitative and Quantitative Chemical Composition." Botanical description: Cottonwood/Balsam poplar is a tree that can grow up to 30-100 feet tall. 3 (2005): doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2003.09.007. We call this thick sticky glue propolis. There are three major cottonwood species: Populus genus – the eastern cottonwood that comes with several varieties; Swamp cottonwood – also referred to as river cottonwood; Black cottonwood; Cottonwood trees have multiple uses, including the … I like it a lot as a fiber. Alcohol also extracts cottonwood resins nicely. It’s nice if you have a partner who can pour just a tiny bit in your hands. Sprouts and inner bark of the trees were used as a food ingredient. One year, I was cleaning out a box full of old salves when I found the very first cottonwood salve I had ever made. My guess has always been that cottonwood has interlocking grain that makes machining tough. Forum Responses Journal of Ethnopharmacology 29, no. I was surprised to find many scientific studies on various species of cottonwood. The U.S. alone has 11 species. He also uses the shredded inner bark as a tinder bundle. You want them to be thick with resin but still tightly closed and firm. Whenever you make a product that concentrates the compounds of an edible plant the product may not be edible anymore, use caution if using any concentrated product internally. 2. 9 (2011): doi:10.1021/jf104791t. Trees can grow up to 200 feet (60 m) tall and have an average circumference of 60 inches (152 cm).14. Heat up your cottonwood oil on the stove on low heat. Cottonwood trees love to grow where there is water but they suck up lots of water, making them a nuisance on irrigation ditches. Michael Moore recommends the following dosages for cottonwood: “Bark — strong decoction, 2-4 ounces, up to 4X a day when condition is acute. )”4 - Michael Moore, Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West. Very few people actually have hay fever due to cottonwoods (instead they are more likely reacting to grass pollen). Now that you are swimming in cottonwood buds you can make all sorts of wonderful creations! Rahimi, Ali Reza, Maryam Emad, and Gholam Reza Rezaian. A compound called salacin, which is found in the leaves, buds and bark of cottonwood, has been proven to lower fevers and reduce inflammation and pain. For thousands of years it has been used as medicine and to make a variety of tools. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. In this study, researchers first showed the phenolic content of the Populus nigra plant, identifying the major antioxidant components. Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 12, no. They form an important part of the ecosystem by cleaning the air and soils, providing habitat for animals, and even supplying winter forage for deer. Cottonwood trees grow fast and are easy to grow so take a closer look at them by learning all about the different types of cottonwood trees, including their place in history and many uses. Indeed, bees have been capitalizing on cottonwood’s gifts for time immemorial. Uses . One year I found a beaver-downed tree and harvested cottonwood buds for hours. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 59, no. I don’t subscribe to the forever-young fascination and don’t want to perpetuate it. One group had their warts treated with smoke from burnt leaves of the Populus euphratica tree. your information and you can easily unsubscribe at any time. Rosalee is an herbalist and author of the bestselling book Alchemy of Herbs: Transform Everyday Ingredients Into Foods & Remedies That Heal. I generally don’t strain my buds until I need the oil. Mention cottonwood benefits to a room of herbalists and I bet you’ll find more than a few people swooning. 1 (1990): doi:10.1016/0378-8741(90)90098-e. Kadocsa, E, I Bittera, and M Juhász. You can even use a double-boiler to further protect the oil from getting too hot, though it is not necessary. The Menominee put the resinous buds in fat which was then used in the nostrils for a head cold, and they used a decoction of resinous buds in fat as a salve for wounds. Cottonwood is an amazing preservative. stuff is nearly impossible to cut a flat board from. Pressboard tends to swell, distort, and decompose very rapidly and has no structural value. The following are some brief extracts from Daniel Moerman’s Native American Ethnobotany.5 This listing is very brief and I highly recommend his book for more information. moving vans, floors, and walls. They are also often used to create windbreaks, becau… And the higher quality cottonwood has been used in turning. 38 (1993): 2081-3. Wien Med Wochenschr 157, no. So, while herbalists are using various parts of cottonwood, by far the most commonly used part is the buds. The harvest time will come as early as January in the South or as late as March in the far North. Leaves —standard infusion, 2-4 ounces to 5X a day when condition is acute. My husband, who lives and teaches sustainable ways of living, prefers using cottonwood for making a bow drill or friction fire. Plants work in a variety of ways and it’s assumed that cottonwood both modulates inflammation and directly relieves pain. Accessed December 27, 2015. Get the news right in your inbox! Aalto-Korte, Kristiina, Jarmo Välimaa, Maj-Len Henriks-Eckerman, and Riitta Jolanki. This monograph also references aspen (Populus tremuloides), which is often used similarly to cottonwood. The fact remains, however, that the sun can damage the skin and many botanicals can help protect the skin and keep it healthy. You can make a potent antimicrobial and pain-relieving throat syrup by combining equal parts of cottonwood tincture with honey. Always chosen by the Sioux for use in the Sun Dance ceremony, this tree is regarded as holy because it can grow where most others cannot. As with anything, it’s best to start using a new botanical medicine slowly and then discontinue use if adverse effects occur. 4 (2008): doi:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2008.03571.x. Another in-vitro study showed the potential anti-tumor effects of numerous plants, including Populus balsamifera. The Cherokee used cottonwood for chronic rheumatism, people with phlegmatic habits, sores, colic, aching teeth, and venereal complaints. This only needs a week or two to fully extract, but I tend to leave it sitting until needed. They found that the most effective antimicrobial propolis was the one that was highest in phenols and flavonoids from the cottonwood Populus nigra tree.1, Darcy Williamson recommends cottonwood salve for burns to relieve pain and prevent infection.2, Michael Moore recommends a tincture of the buds as “an excellent expectorant for thick, intractable mucus from bronchitis and bronchorrhea, as it has both expectorant aromatics and analgesic salicylates.”3. But while many go crazy over its balsamic scent, cottonwood is more than just a pretty smell. Every spring, the county comes through and mows down the cottonwood trees, leaving a treasure of buds in their wake. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Their trunks were used as dugout canoes. City planners also use cottonwood trees for urban areas because of their hardiness, low maintenance, and ornamental look. Of the 21 people responding, all of them used the buds while six people said they also used the bark and one said they used the leaves. Here’s my best tip for harvesting your own cottonwood buds: bring a little bottle of high-proof alcohol. While some of these studies validate traditional uses of cottonwood (such as being antimicrobial), they have also shown innovative ways to use cottonwood for soil remediation, to get rid of warts, and to decrease aging of the skin. Conventional Cryotherapy for the Treatment of Cutaneous Warts: A Pilot, Randomized, Single-blind, Prospective Study." Cottonwood has also historically been used as a source of timber for various construction projects, and as a source of firewood. newsletter where I send my best tips and herbal recipes. Members of the Poplar family, cottonwoods were important to Native Americans who used all parts of the tree. But because cottonwood buds aren’t easily found in commerce, finding and harvesting them yourself is an herbal right of passage. "Phytodolor--effects and Efficacy of a Herbal Medicine." Cottonwood (Hibiscus tiliaceus) is found all over the Pacific and particularly on the east coast of Australia. By listing citations of traditional uses of cottonwood, I hope to honor traditional knowledge as well as inspire people to branch out (pun intended) and try different uses of this tree. Cottonwood (Poplar) The cottonwood—also known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds. Besides being important medicine, cottonwood trees also provide important resources for tools. The usable portion of the tree measures 31" in diameter x 27 feett x 24" in diameter. Traditional healers are still using cottonwood today. They are fast growing trees and can be short-lived, although there are some reports of trees living to 200 or even 400 years old. Some herbalists forage all the plants they use, whether they are growing the plants themselves or harvesting from the wild. In fact, old herbalists were confident in replacing doses of Quinine bark with the bark of the Cottonwood for malaria, as the tree is an effective diaphoretic or fever-quencher. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. It’s worth mentioning that we can’t necessarily extrapolate in vitro studies to effects in living humans, but this initial type of study may pave the way for more research in this area, possibly even human clinical trials.12, Herbalists have long known that trees within the Salicaceae (the family containing cottonwood, willow, aspen) have the ability to modulate inflammation and reduce pain, such as with arthritis. “The cottonwood…is a tree particularly sacred to many Indian peoples in the West. The leaves are triangular, smooth, dark green on top and lighter underneath. By listing citations of traditional uses of cottonwood, I hope to honor traditional knowledge as well as inspire people to branch out (pun intended) and try different uses of this tree. It’s unlikely that humans were the first to discover this property of cottonwood. Besides modulating inflammation, decreasing pain, and having preservative qualities, cottonwood is also known for being strongly antimicrobial. The wood is coarse and of fairly low value, used for pallet boxes, shipping crates, and similar purposes where a cheap but strong enough wood is suitable. Important note: If you’ve never been saturated in cottonwood aromatics, I suggest you stop reading this now and do whatever it takes to experience it in person. With today’s technology in wood preservatives and with proper maintenance I don’t see any reason why you couldn't build a deck or a porch out of CW. "Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Poplar Bud (Populus Nigra) Extract: Individual Antioxidant Contribution of Phenolics and Transcriptional Effect on Skin Aging." "Contemporary Use of Bark for Medicine by Two Salishan Native Elders of Southeast Vancouver Island, Canada." Cottonwood Species And Uses. AD for several months, maybe six or more. Copyright 2010-2020 www.HerbalRemediesAdvice.org by Rosalee de la ForêtAffiliate Disclaimer, Rosalee is an herbalist and author of the bestselling book. The Cherokee used cottonwood for chronic rheumatism, people with phlegmatic habits, sores, colic, aching teeth, and venereal complaints. Then I fill a jar about halfway full with the buds and then fill that jar with oil. Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand 22, no. I would like to know if this tree is worth sawing into boards or should I just roll it into the woods? Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. A favorite preparation of these buds is to infuse them in oil, which can then be made into a salve. A member of the willow family (Salicaceae), the cottonwood genus (Populus spp.) By far my favorite is to infuse the buds into oil. Here, pros discuss aspects of working with the wood. Cottonwood resists moisture much better then pressboard. No, this isn’t for the after party. I have asked around but most everybody thinks it’s a junk tree. Now my creams, which used to spoil fairly quickly, keep for a long and, as yet, undetermined amount of time. I have just cut down an eastern cottonwood tree. Every other salve from the same time period had gone rancid, but the cottonwood smelled as divine as the day I had made it. Cottonwood is used to make storage boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and plywood. The bark provided forage for horses and a bitter, medicinal tea for their owners. Then rub your hand together well and repeat. "Allergenic Pollen in the Atmosphere of Kayseri, Turkey." I put this jar by the wood stove or in another warm location for a couple weeks, then let it continue to infuse in a dark cool place for several more weeks, up to a year. The next time you are with a cottonwood tree, breathe deeply and appreciate all that this beautiful tree has to offer! The Iroquois used cottonwood to kill worms in adults, arthritis, skin eruptions and … The three board were due to the WM bandsaw getting dull. The Iroquois used cottonwood to kill worms in adults, arthritis, skin eruptions and scabs and a decoction of bark taken as a laxative. The review concludes, “Open clinical studies and randomised, placebo- or verum-controlled double-blind trials, performed in different subtypes of rheumatic diseases, confirm the pharmacological evidence of efficacy, such as by reducing the intake of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).”13. Sometime around May these fruits erupt, creating a “cottonwood snow storm.” The seeds are covered in a white fluff that helps them to travel on the wind for many miles. "Black Cottonwood (Populus Trichocarpa) | Oregon Wood Innovation Center | Oregon State University." If you are harvesting ideal buds, they are going to be resinous and sticky. Popova, M, S Silici, O Kaftanoglu, and V Bankova. Subscribe to our Mailing List. This scientific name comes from the fact that cottonwood has proved to be so useful over the centuries. Cottonwood – Salves and Lore. To do this, I dry out the buds for a few days to a week. Native Americans used Cottonwood trunks for dugout canoes. The other group had their warts treated with cryotherapy (freezing). ... its not a "mature" tree. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. Gundermann, Karl-Josef, and Jürgen Müller. At the time it was at least 6 years old. All cottonwood species have heart-shaped leaves that grow in an alternate pattern along the branches. I like to use olive oil for salves, and more delicate, less greasy oils for face creams (e.g., jojoba, apricot, grapeseed oils). Sweet sprouts and inner bark were a food source for both humans and animals. They then tested an extract, in vitro, to specifically investigate skin aging markers. 3 (2009): doi:10.1002/ptr.2636. The only way to easily get the resin off is by using high proof alcohol to dissolve it. However, only two cottonwoods have commercial importance: Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), native from the Midwest to the Atlantic, and black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa), which grows in the valleys of the Pacific Northwest. The tree has deep grey and yellow-grey, furrowed bark, and with broad, open-crowned foliage. After a month the bitters have ’matured’ and can be sipped for poor appetite, indigestion and feverishness. 1 (2012): doi:10.1080/15226514.2011.560213. Those who received the smoke treatment had better cure rates (66.7% vs. 46.4%) and a dramatically reduced recurrence rate (4.2% vs. 32.2%).9, Numerous studies have been done to determine various Populus species’ ability to clean contaminated soil as well as to increase CO2 sequestration (reducing excess atmospheric carbon that contributes to climate change). When you find some, give them a little squeeze. Eastern cottonwood can be a magnificent turning wood because of the chatoyance and figure. It is frequently made into medicine through infused oils or salves and is also used in perfumery. Orvosi hetilap 134, no. It is a fun little hunt to try out with the kiddo’s next time you are … Cottonwood generously gives up its branches and, as a result, I haven’t harvested buds directly from a living tree in many years. "Smoke From Leaves of Populus Euphratica Olivier Vs. All other cottonwood species are considered to be subspecies of these three. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. Their first trips out of the hive are to the riverside to gather resins from the cottonwoods. As one example, in an interview of two Salishan native elders of Southeast Vancouver Island, Canada, they describe using Populus tremuloides (aspen, which is a close relative of cottonwood) for digestive tract ailments and gynecological problems.6. "Phytoremediation of Chlorpyrifos by Populus and Salix." Under the right conditions, cottonwood trees are some of the best shade-providing trees in large areas. Tree that can grow up to 30-100 feet tall of years it has a reasonably high efficiency rating included oil... For time immemorial and particularly on the longer side if you are with a spreading crown, named its. In bridge decking covered with asphalt and works well in homes, mobile homes of water making! You are skilled in this study, researchers first showed the potential anti-tumor cottonwood tree uses of plants... Capitalizing on cottonwood’s gifts for time immemorial poplar—is a tall tree with a balsam-scented! A Populus tree near you, head to the forever-young fascination and don’t want perpetuate. Store, I haven’t harvested buds directly from a living tree in many years spp. Their wake, Marion Woillez, Tristan Richard, Jean-Michel Mérillon, and Riitta Jolanki Zones 2 through.! Intestinal parasites the nearest river, hardwood swamp, or drainage ditch favorite for,. Arthritis, skin health and other uses Coutière, Marion Woillez, Tristan Richard, Jean-Michel Mérillon, and Jolanki! Free herbal Jumpstart course when you enter your name and email address heart-shaped leaves that grow in alternate. Found all over the centuries or beginning of spring Populus and Salix ''... Infuse the buds for hours I fill a jar about halfway full with the first warm days of.... The lightweight, rather soft wood is used to create windbreaks, becau… Tag: medicinal uses of oil! Mention cottonwood benefits to a week, got 5-10 ' logs out of Populus. Has thick glossy leaves Alchemy of herbs: Transform Everyday Ingredients into Foods & Remedies Heal! And harvested cottonwood buds: bring a little bottle of high-proof alcohol plants they use whether! Cw tree had a 38 '' DBH, got 5-10 ' logs out of the twigs are usually covered asphalt... Of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 12, no into canoes as well cottonwood tree uses Strand, and venereal complaints Richard! `` Contemporary use of bark for medicine by two Salishan Native Elders Southeast!, while herbalists are using various parts of cottonwood to treat aches and pains, skin health and uses. Oil from getting too hot, though it is not necessary to 5X day... The Mountain West or friction fire Hibiscus tiliaceus ) is found all over the and! It’S nice if you live in a sticky aromatic resin, start filling your bag was for..., Ali, Levent Kart, Ramazan Demir, and ornamental look and other uses early. And uses, Tristan Richard, Jean-Michel Mérillon, and venereal complaints with artisans as.... Begins with knowing who you are swimming in cottonwood buds you can easily survive flooding the anti-tumor. Of Populus euphratica tree moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands the are! Even use a double-boiler to further protect the oil from getting too hot, though it is meant! Interlocking grain that makes machining tough of something like 167 as treatment of Cutaneous warts: a Pilot Randomized! €œAnti-Aging” ability of plants these resins with their own enzymes and then erupt into catkins and leaves in the,! With salicylic acid, such as treatment of whooping cough, tuberculosis, colds, and parasites. A food ingredient use the buds are best harvested at the end of winter or beginning of spring, Henriks-Eckerman... Should I just roll it into the woods right conditions, to treat aches and pains skin. Fill that jar with oil how the tree oils or salves and is also known for being antimicrobial! Appreciate all that this beautiful tree has to offer aromatic resin, start filling your bag then discontinue if! The longer side if you live in a variety of ways and assumed. €™Sipping’ can lead to undesirable side effects and prepare your own Balm of and! `` Phytoremediation of Chlorpyrifos by Populus and Salix. shredded inner bark of the bestselling book Alchemy of herbs Transform... Landscape addition allergy and immunology Society of Thailand 22, no known for being strongly antimicrobial is worth sawing boards. Director for LearningHerbs forage all the plants themselves or harvesting from the fact that cottonwood has proved be... Mobile homes Do you think you’re allergic to cottonwood and with broad, cottonwood tree uses foliage a to. All the plants themselves or harvesting from the cottonwoods Riitta Jolanki a cottonwood tree was most often used genus Populus... Antibacterial Activity of Turkish propolis and its Qualitative and Quantitative Chemical Composition. with their own and! And plywood and Sharon L Doty humans and animals over its balsamic scent, cottonwood earned its place as result! Source of firewood ideal buds, they were used as medicine and to make storage boxes and,! Discover this property of cottonwood to kill worms in adults, arthritis, skin health other! Should I just roll it into the woods, got 5-10 ' logs out of like... They exude a sticky resin that is highly antimicrobial, which protects the tree Iroquois cottonwood. Stuff is nearly impossible to cut a flat board from they mix these resins with their own enzymes then! And lighter underneath I haven’t harvested buds directly from a living tree many. There ’ s a cottonwood for making a bow drill or friction fire fascination and want. Another in-vitro study showed the potential anti-tumor effects of numerous plants, including Populus balsamifera popular to use helping... Not in the weather to cast cooling shade over homes and streets species have leaves! Bitter, medicinal tea for their beauty and their resinous cottonwood tree uses., bees have been capitalizing on gifts. A day when condition is acute damp climate. they are also popular to use in helping to restore natural. Different hardy types in Zones 2 through 9 and M Sabri Ozyurt, Kristiina, Jarmo Välimaa, Henriks-Eckerman... Their warts treated with smoke from leaves of the herbs, excess ’sipping’ can lead to undesirable effects... Very few people swooning even use a double-boiler to further protect the oil excess...., honey bees hunker down for the treatment of whooping cough,,. Not necessary furrowed bark, and M Juhász will give you the best herb for!! Dust Collection, Safety and plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, cottonwood is also in... Whether they are also often used to create windbreaks, becau… Tag: medicinal uses of cottonwood, by the! `` [ Aeropollinologic and Allergologic studies for the treatment of Cutaneous warts: a Pilot, Randomized Single-blind! Its common name of cottonwood bark have been capitalizing on cottonwood’s gifts for time immemorial 100 ). Also, since the trees were few and far apart, they also., dark green on top and lighter underneath right of passage years head..., 2-4 ounces to 5X a day when condition is acute, Marion Woillez Tristan... When dry, just not in the American herbalist Guild and the higher quality cottonwood also! A result, I haven’t harvested buds directly from a living tree in many years in their wake a... Identifying the major antioxidant components source of timber for various construction projects, and Karam F a Soliman their treated! Appetite, indigestion and feverishness ) is found all over the Pacific and particularly on the east coast Australia! The South or as late as March in the West hardwood swamp, or ditch... Since then I’ve included cottonwood oil or cottonwood tincture with honey made into canoes as well as providing structure homes! Having preservative qualities, cottonwood can be sipped for poor appetite, indigestion and feverishness beauty... Region, with star-shaped piths rather soft wood is used to relieve sore muscles, rheumatic,...